Place: Palace Embankment
Construction time: 1764-1775
Architects: Jean-Baptiste Vallin de la Mothe, Georg Friedrich Veldten
Name Origin: The word “Hermitage” is translated from French as “the place of solitude”. In the XVIII century, this name was given to the special types of the buildings. On the first floor of the pavilions, the lifting tables were situated. The guests gathered on the first floor, but the servants were prohibited to enter to avoid rumors and uneasiness. The guests put the notes with the order on their plates. After that, the table moved down and the servants prepared a peculiar dinner for each guest. Then the table moved the prepared food up.
In the time of Catherine the Great, the lifting table was constructed on the exact place, where the Peacock Clock are situated now. Today, the citizens use the name “Hermitage” not only for this building, but also for all the Museum Complex. As for the epithet “Small”, it is explained by the small size of the building compared to the other structures of the State Hermitage.