Value: here the first attempt to commit the Russian revolution failed in December 14, 1825.
Name: here is the Senate and Synod building.
Misconceptions: at first sight the Decembrist revolt looked pretty strange. One frosty morning soldiers, officers and civilian rebels came to the Senate Square and stood there for several hours, until they were shot at point-blank by artillery of Emperor Nicholas I. Since such actions (or rather inaction) of Decembrists seem surprising, in the popular historical literature sometimes one can read that the uprising was a political demonstration and the heroes were on their way because they just want to die for an idea. In fact, it was a military coup well-planned, but badly implemented. It had a purpose in introducing in Russian of constitutional monarchy or republic. The inaction of the rebels was due by betrayal of leaders. Leaders did not come to the Square and that is why the soldiers and officers did not know what they must do.
Bronze Horseman – the most famous monument of St. Petersburg.
Senate and Synod building – it makes Petersburg second capital of Russia.
Saint Isaac’s Cathedral – the largest cathedral in St. Petersburg, it was being constructed during 40 years.
Admiralty – the building was constructed for the Naval Ministry. Now here is a naval school, oddly enough, bearing the name of Felix Dzerzhinsky.