Prison of the Peter and Paul Fortress
Place: Peter and Paul Fortress
Architect: K.P. Andreev, M.A. Pasypkin
The Peter and Paul Fortress was perhaps the most perfect fortification in the world for that times. However, she has not done a single shot at the enemy; the fortress was used as a political prison. Its famous prisoners were:
· Prince Alexey, son of Peter the Great. Father and son were disagreeing in the view on political system. That is why, by order of his father, Aleksey was strangled directly in a cell (wall-mounted indoors) of Fortress.
- Famous writers of the Catherine era: Alexander Radishchev and Nicolay Novikov.
- Decembrists – the participants of the revolt 14 December 1825.
- Feodor Dostoevsky who was thrown here because he was one of the members in one of socialistic clubs of his time.
- Nikolay Chernyshevsky who wrote his famous novel “What Is to Be Done?” in this prison.
- Maxim Gorky, who wrote here his novel “The Children of Sun”.
- Members of the Provisional Government, who was arrested after October Revolution 1917.
In 1920s political prison was closed and turned to a museum.
Legend: Legend tells that a famous adventuress princess Tarakanoff (she pretended to be the daughter of Empress Elizabeth) drowned in a prison cell during the flood of 1777.
Museum: Unfaitly, the Peter and Paul Fortress prison is widely popular. However, none of the cameras in the casemates or the Secret House, where people smashed their heads against the wall after years of imprisonment, is preserved until our time. The Jail of Trubetskoy Bastion, existing today, was functioning only for a few decades at the sunset of the Imperial era. The prisoners had very good conditions of live, so as the prison this place is not so impressive. If you are seriously interested in the history of the revolutionary movement of the XIX-XX centuries, this museum is for you. If not – you will be disappointed. Working days: 10am-6pm (Tue: 10am-5pm). Day off: Wed. Tickets: adults – 200 rubles, students – 120 rubles.